• Danabasoglu, G., et al., 2016: North Atlantic Simulations in Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments phase II (CORE-II). Part II: Inter-Annual to Decadal Variability. Ocean Modelling, 97, 65-90, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.11.007
  • Griffies, S.M., et al., 2016: Experimental and diagnostic protocol for the physical component of the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP). Geosci. Model Dev., in press.
  • Nicholson, D.P., S. Khatiwala and P. Heimbach, 2016: Noble gas tracers of ventilation during deep-water formation in the Weddell Sea. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci., 35(1), 012019, doi:10.1088/1755-1315/35/1/012019
  • Ocana, V., E. Zorita, and P. Heimbach, 2016: Stochastic secular trends in sea level rise. J. Geophys. Res., 121(4), 2183-2202, doi:10.1002/2015JC011301
  • Pillar, H.R., P. Heimbach, H.L. Johnson, and D.P. Marshall, 2016: Dynamical attribution of recent variability in Atlantic overturning. J. Clim., 29(9), 3339-3352, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0727.1
  • Stammer, D., M. Balmaseda, P. Heimbach, A.Koehl, and A. Weaver, 2016: Ocean Data Assimilation in Support of Climate Applications: Status and Perspectives. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci., 8, 491-518, doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-122414-034113

  • Buckley, M., R.M. Ponte, G. Forget, and P. Heimbach, 2015: Determining the origins of advective heat transport variability in the North Atlantic. J. Clim., 18(10), 3943-3956, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00579.1
  • The ECCO Consortium (G. Forget, I. Fukumori, P. Heimbach, T. Lee, D. Menemenlis, and R. Ponte), 2015: Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO): Advancing CLIVAR Science. CLIVAR Exchanges, 67(19), 41-45. — PDF
  • Forget, G., J.M. Campin, P. Heimbach, C.N. Hill, R.M. Ponte, and C. Wunsch, 2015: ECCO version 4: an integrated framework for non-linear inverse modeling and global ocean state estimation. Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 3071-3104, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-3071-2015
  • Goldberg, D., P. Heimbach, I. Joughin, and B. Smith, 2015: Committed retreat of Smith, Pope, and Kohler Glaciers over the next 30 years inferred by transient model calibration. The Cryosphere, 9, 2429-2446, doi:10.5194/tc-9-2429-2015
  • Heimbach, P., 2015: Application of derivative code in climate modeling. in: N. Gauger, M. Giles, M. Gunzburger, and U. Naumann (eds.): Adjoint Methods in Computational Science, Engineering, and Finance Dagstuhl Reports, 4(9), 14-16, doi:10.4230/DagRep.4.9.1.
  • Liang, X., C. Wunsch, P. Heimbach, and G. Forget, 2015: Vertical redistribution of oceanic heat. J. Clim., 28(9), 3821-3833, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00550.1
  • Newman, L., Talley, L., Mazloff, M., Galton-Fenzi, B., Ackley, S., Heimbach, P., Massonnet, F., Shi, J., and Sparrow, M. (CLIVAR/CliC/SCAR SOOS & SORP panels), 2015: Southern Ocean community comment on the Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP) Implementation Plan. SOOS Report Series, No. 2. July 2015, doi:10.5281/zenodo.27261
  • Piecuch, C.G., P. Heimbach, R.M. Ponte, and G. Forget, 2015: The sensitivity of a global ocean state estimate of contemporary sea level changes to geothermal flux. Ocean Modelling, 96(2), 214-220, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.10.008
  • Storto, A., and 36 others, 2015: Steric sea level variability (1993-2010) in an ensemble of ocean reanal- yses and objective analyses. Clim. Dyn., in press, doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2554-9
  • Toyoda, T., and 32 others, 2015a: Intercomparison and validation of the mixed layer depth fields of global ocean syntheses/reanalyses. Clim. Dyn., in press, doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2637-7
  • Toyoda, T., and 32 others, 2015b: Interannual-decadal variability of wintertime mixed layer depths in the North Pacific detected by an ensemble of ocean syntheses. Clim. Dyn., in press, doi:10.1007/s00382- 015-2762-3

  • Buckley, M., R.M. Ponte, G. Forget, and P. Heimbach, 2014: Low-frequency SST and upper-ocean heat content variability in the North Atlantic. J. Clim., 27(13), 4996-5018, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00316.1.
  • Danabasoglu, G., et al., 2014: North Atlantic simulations in Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments, phase II (CORE-II): Part I: Mean states. Ocean Modelling, 73, 76-107, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.10.005.
  • Danabasoglu, G., R. Curry, P. Heimbach, Y. Kushnir, C. Meinen, R. Msadek, M. Patterson, L. Thompson, S. Yeager, and R. Zhang, 2014: 2013 US AMOC Science Team Annual Report on Progress and Priorities. 162 pp.
    US CLIVAR Report 2014-4, US CLIVAR Project Office, Washington D.C., 20006.
  • Dansereau, V., P. Heimbach, and M. Losch, 2014: Simulation of sub-ice shelf melt rates in a general circulation model: velocity-dependent transfer and the role of friction. J. Geophys. Res., 119(3), 1765-1790, doi:10.1002/2013JC008846.
  • Heimbach, P., F. Straneo, O. Sergienko, and G. Hamilton, 2014: International workshop on understanding the response of Greenlands marine-terminating glaciers to oceanic and atmospheric forcing: Challenges to improving observations, process understanding and modeling. June 4-7, 2013, Beverly, MA, USA. US CLIVAR Report 2014-1, US CLIVAR Project Office, Washington DC, 20006.
  • Kalmikov, A. and P. Heimbach, 2014: A Hessian-based method for Uncertainty Quantification in Global Ocean State Estimation. SIAM J. Scientific Computing (Special Section on Planet Earth and Big Data), 36(5), S267–S295, doi:10.1137/130925311.
  • Sciascia, R., C. Cenedese, D. Nicoli, P. Heimbach, and F. Straneo, 2014: Impact of periodic intermediary flows on submarine melting of a Greenland glacier. J. Geophys. Res., 119(10), 7078-7098, doi:10.1002/2014JC009953
  • Wunsch, C. and P. Heimbach, 2014: Bidecadal Thermal Changes in the Abyssal Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44(8), 2013-2030, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-096.1.

  • Baringer, M., et al., 2013: Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heat Transport Observations in the Atlantic Ocean. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 94(8), Special Supplement: State of the Climate in 2012, S65-S68, doi:10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1
  • Chaudhuri, A.H., R.M Ponte, G. Forget, and P. Heimbach, 2013: A comparison of atmospheric reanalysis surface products over the ocean and implications for uncertainties in air-sea boundary forcing. J. Clim., 26(1), 153–170, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00090.1.
  • Fenty, I.G. and P. Heimbach, 2013: Coupled Sea Ice-Ocean State Estimation in the Labrador Sea and Baffin Bay. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43(6), 884-904, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-065.1.
  • Fenty, I.G. and P. Heimbach, 2013: Hydrographic Preconditioning for Seasonal Sea Ice Anomalies in the Labrador Sea. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43(6), 863-883, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-064.1.
  • Goldberg, D.N. and P. Heimbach, 2013: Parameter and state estimation with a time-dependent adjoint marine ice sheet model. The Cryosphere, 7, 1659-1678, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1659-2013.
  • Hoteit, I., T. Hoar, G. Gopalakrishnan, N. Collins, J. Anderson, B. Cornuelle, A. K ̈oehl, and P. Heimbach, 2013: A MITgcm/DART ensemble analysis and prediction system: Development and application to the Gulf of Mexico. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 63, 1-23, doi:10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2013.03.002.
  • Roquet, F., C. Wunsch, G. Forget, P. Heimbach, et al., 2013: Estimates of the Southern Ocean General Circulation Improved by Animal-Borne Instruments. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 6176-6180, doi:10.1002/2013GL058304.
  • Sciascia, R., F. Straneo, C. Cenedese, and P. Heimbach, 2013: Seasonal variability of submarine melt rate and circulation in an east Greenland fjord. J. Geophys. Res., 118(5), 2492-2506, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20142.
  • Straneo, F. and P. Heimbach, 2013: North Atlantic warming and the retreat of Greenland’s outlet glaciers. Nature, 504, 36-43, doi:10.1038/nature12854 .
  • Straneo, F., P. Heimbach, O. Sergienko, and 14 others, 2013: Challenges to Understanding the Dynamic Response of Greenlands Marine Terminating Glaciers to Oceanic and Atmospheric Forcing. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 94(8), 1131-1144, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00100.1.
  • Wunsch, C. and P. Heimbach, 2013: Two Decades of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Anatomy, Variations, Extremes, Prediction, and Overcoming Its Limitations. J. Clim., 26(18), 7167-7186, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00478.1.
  • Wunsch, C. and P. Heimbach, 2013: Dynamically and kinematically consistent global ocean circulation and ice state estimates. In: G. Siedler, J. Church, J. Gould and S. Griffies, eds.: Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective. Chapter 21, pp. 553–579, Elsevier, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-391851-2.00021-0.

  • Hasselmann, K., B. Chapron, L. Aouf, F. Ardhuin, F. Collard. G. Engen, S. Hasselmann, P. Heimbach, P. Janssen, H. Johnsen, H. Krogstad, S. Lehner, J.-G. Li, X.-M. Li, W. Rosenthal and J. Schulz-Stellenfleth, 2012: The ERS SAR Wave Mode – A Breakthrough in global ocean wave observations. in: ERS Missions: 20 Years of Observing Earth., ESA SP-1326, pp. 165-198, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, NL. — PDF
  • Heimbach, P. and C. Wunsch, 2012: Decadal ocean (and ice) state estimation for climate research: What are the needs? Oberwolfach Reports, 9(4), 3451-3454, doi:10.4171/OWR/2012/58. — PDF
  • Heimbach, P. and M. Losch, 2012: Adjoint sensitivities of sub-ice shelf melt rates to ocean circulation under Pine Island Ice Shelf, West Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 53(60), 59–69, doi:10.3189/2012/AoG60A025.
  • Straneo, F., O. Sergienko, and P. Heimbach (lead authors), and the US CLIVAR GRISO WG members, 2012: Understanding the Dynamic Response of Greenlands Marine Terminating Glaciers to Oceanic and Atmospheric Forcing. A White Paper by the US CLIVAR Working Group on Greenland Ice Sheet Ocean Interactions (GRISO), Report 2012-2, US CLIVAR Project Office, Washington, DC 20006, available at http://griso-wg.org
  • Zanna L., P. Heimbach, A.M. Moore and E. Tziperman, 2012: Upper-ocean singular vectors of the North Atlantic climate with implications for linear predictability and variability. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 138(663), 500-513, doi:10.1002/qj.937.

  • Heimbach, P., C. Wunsch, R.M. Ponte, G. Forget, C. Hill, and J. Utke, 2011: Timescales and Regions of the Sensitivity of Atlantic Meridional Volume and Heat Transport Magnitudes: Toward Observing System Design. Deep Sea Res. II (Topical issue on “Climate and the AMOC”), 58(17-18), 1858-1879, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.065.
  • Prinn, R., P. Heimbach, M. Rigby, S. Dutkiewicz, J.M. Melillo, J.M. Reilly, D.W. Kicklighter and C. Waugh, 2011: A Strategy for a Global Observing System for Verification of National Greenhouse Gas Emissions. MIT Center for Global Change Science, Joint Program Report Series No. 200, 92 pages, June 2011.
  • Zanna L., P. Heimbach, A.M. Moore and E. Tziperman, 2011: Optimal excitation of interannual Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variability. J. Climate, 24(2), 413-423, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3610.1.

  • Heimbach, P., D. Menemenlis, M. Losch, J.M. Campin, and C. Hill, 2010: On the formulation of sea-ice models. Part 2: Lessons from multi-year adjoint sea ice export sensitivities through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Ocean Modelling, 33(1-2), 145-158, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.02.002.
  • Herraiz Borreguero, L., R. Mottram, and I. Cvijanovic, 2010: Discussing progress in understanding ice sheet-ocean interactions. EOS Transactions AGU, 91(45), p. 419 (ACDC2010). — PDF
  • Hoteit, I., B. Cornuelle, and P. Heimbach, 2010: An Eddy-Permitting, Dynamically Consistent Adjoint-Based Assimilation System for the Tropical Pacific: Hindcast Experiments in 2000. J. Geophys. Res., 115, C03001, doi:10.1029/2009JC005437
  • Lee, T., T. Awaji, M. Balmaseda, N. Ferry, Y. Fuji, I. Fukumori, B. Giese, P. Heimbach, A. Koehl, S. Masina, E. Remy, A. Rosati, M.P. Schodlok, D. Stammer, and A.T. Weaver, 2010: Consistency and fidelity of Indonesian-throughflow total volume transport estimated by 14 ocean data assimilation products. Dyn. Atmos. Ocean (Special issue on the ITF), 50(2), 201-223, doi:10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2009.12.004
  • Lee, T. et al., 2010: Ocean State Estimation for Climate Research. In: Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer (Eds.): Proceedings of OceanObs09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, ESA Publication WPP-306, Vol. 2, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.55.
  • Losch, M., D. Menemenlis, J.M. Campin, P. Heimbach, and C. Hill, 2010: On the formulation of sea-ice models. Part 1: Effects of different solver implementations and parameterizations. Ocean Modelling, 33(1-2), 129-144, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.12.008
  • Mazloff, M.R., P. Heimbach and C. Wunsch, 2010: An Eddy-Permitting Southern Ocean State Estimate. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(5), 880-899, doi:10.1175/2009JPO4236.1.
  • Rienecker, M. et al., 2010: Synthesis and Assimilation Systems – Essential Adjuncts to the Global Ocean Observing System. In Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.31
  • Rintoul, S. et al., 2010: Deep Circulation and Meridional Overturning: Recent Progress and a Strategy for Sustained Observations. In Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.32
  • Stammer, D. et al., 2010: Ocean Information Provided Through Ensemble Ocean Syntheses. In: Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer (Eds.): Proceedings of OceanObs09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, ESA Publication WPP-306, Vol. 2, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.85.
  • Zanna L., P. Heimbach, A.M. Moore and E. Tziperman, 2010. Optimal growth of Atlantic SST anomalies in an idealized ocean GCM. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40(5), 983–1003, doi:10.1175/2009JPO4196.1.

  • Baehr, J., S. Cunningham, H. Haak, P. Heimbach, T. Kanzow and J. Marotzke, 2009: Observed and simulated daily variability of the meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N in the Atlantic. Ocean Sci., 5, 575-589, doi:10.5194/os-5-575-2009.
  • Heimbach, P. and V. Bugnion, 2009: Greenland ice sheet volume sensitivity to basal, surface, and initial conditions, derived from an adjoint model. Annals of Glaciology, 50(52), 67-80, doi:10.3189/172756409789624256 . — PDF
  • Heimbach, P., G. Forget, R. Ponte, and C. Wunsch (lead authors), 2009: Observational Requirements for global-scale ocean climate analysis: Lessons from ocean state estimation. Community White Paper. In: Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer (Eds.), 2010: Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, ESA Publication WPP-306, Vol. 2, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.42. — PDF
  • Sannino, G., M. Herrmann, A. Carillo, V. Rupolo, V. Ruggiero, V. Artale and P. Heimbach, 2009: An eddy-permitting model of the Mediterranean Sea with a two-way grid refinement at Gibraltar. Ocean Modelling, 30(1), 56-72, doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.06.002
  • Utke, J., L. Harscoet, P. Heimbach, C. Hill, P. Hovland and U. Naumann, 2009: Toward adjointable MPI. Proceedings of the 10th IEEE International Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Scientific and Engineering, PDSEC-09, Rome, Italy, pp. 1-8, doi:10.1109/IPDPS.2009.5161165.
  • Wunsch, C. and P. Heimbach, 2009: The globally integrated ocean circulation (MOC), 1992-2006: seasonal and decadal variability. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,39(2), 351-368, doi: 10.1175/2008JPO4012.1
  • Wunsch, C., P. Heimbach, R. Ponte, I. Fukumori and the ECCO-GODAE Consortium members, 2008: The global general circulation of the ocean estimated by the ECCO Consortium. Oceanography, 22(2), 88-103, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2009.41. — PDF

  • Heimbach, P., 2008: The MITgcm/ECCO adjoint modeling infrastructure. CLIVAR Exchanges13(1)January 2008, pp. 13-17.
  • Menemenlis, D., J.M. Campin, P. Heimbach, C. Hill, T. Lee, A. Nguyen, M. Schodlock and H. Zhang, 2008: ECCO2: High resolution global ocean and sea ice data synthesis. Mercator Ocean Quarterly Newsletter, 31, October 2008.
  • Utke, J., U. Naumann, M. Fagan, N. Thallent, M. Strout, P. Heimbach, C. Hill and C. Wunsch, 2008: OpenAD/F: A modular, open-source tool for automatic differentiation of Fortran codes. ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS), 34(4), doi:10.1145/1377596.1377598
  • Vinogradov, S.V., R.M. Ponte, P. Heimbach and C. Wunsch, 2008: The mean seasonal cycle in sea level estimated from a data-constrained general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res.113, C03032, doi:10.1029/2007JC004496
  • Wunsch, C. and P. Heimbach, 2008: How Long to Oceanic Tracer and Proxy Equilibrium? Quaternary Science Reviews, 27, 637-651, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.01.006.
  • Wunsch, C. and P. Heimbach, 2008: Reply to Saunders et al.’s Comments on “Decadal changes in the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and heat flux”.  J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38(9), pp. 2108-2110, doi:10.1175/2008JPO3936.1

  • Heimbach, P. and C. Wunsch, 2007: Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean – The ECCO Consortia. U.S. CLIVAR Variations, 5(3), December 2007, 1-5.
  • Losch, M. and P. Heimbach, 2007: Adjoint sensitivity of an ocean general circulation model to bottom topography. J. Phys. Oceanogr.37(2), 377-393,  doi:10.1175/JPO3017.1
  • Ponte, R.M., K.J. Quinn, C. Wunsch, and P. Heimbach, 2007: A comparison of model and GRACE estimates of the large-scale seasonal cycle in ocean bottom pressure. Geophys. Res. Lett.34, L09603, doi:10.1029/2007GL029599
  • Wunsch, C. and P. Heimbach, 2007: Practical global ocean state estimation. Physica D230(1-2), pp. 197-208, doi:10.1016/j.physd.2006.09.040
  • Wunsch, C., R. M. Ponte, and P. Heimbach, 2007: Decadal trends in sea level patterns: 1993-2004. J. Clim.20(24), 5889-5911, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI1840.1

  • Dutkiewicz, S., M.J. Follows, P. Heimbach and J. Marshall, 2006: Controls on ocean productivity and air-sea carbon flux: An adjoint model sensitivity study. Geophys. Res. Lett.33, L02603, doi:10.1029/2005GL024987. — PDF
  • Gebbie, G., P. Heimbach and C. Wunsch, 2006: Strategies for nested and eddy-resolving state estimation. J. Geophys. Res., 111, C10073, doi:10.1029/2005JC003094. — PDF
  • Naumann, U., J. Utke, P. Heimbach, C. Hill, D. Ozyurt, C. Wunsch, M. Fagan, N. Thallent, M. Strout, 2006: Adjoint code by source transformation with OpenAD/F. In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ECCOMAS CFD 2006). P. Wesseling, J. Periaux, and E. Onate (Eds.), TU Delft, The Netherlands, 2006 — PDF
  • Wunsch, C. and P. Heimbach, 2006: Estimated Decadal Changes in the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning and Heat Flux 1993-2004. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36(11), 2012–2024, doi:10.1175/JPO2957.1. — PDF

  • Ferreira, D., J. Marshall and P. Heimbach, 2005: Estimating eddy stresses by fitting dynamics to observations using a residual-mean ocean circulation model and its adjoint. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35(10), pp. 1891-1910, doi:10.1175/JPO2785.1. — PDF
  • Heimbach, P., C. Hill and R. Giering, 2005: An efficient exact adjoint of the parallel MIT general circulation model, generated via automatic differentiation. Future Generation Computer Systems, 21(8), 1356-1371, doi:10.1016/j.future.2004.11.010. — PDF
  • Menemenlis D., C. Hill, A. Adcroft, J.M. Campin, B. Cheng, B. Ciotti, I. Fukumori, A. Koehl, P. Heimbach, C. Henze, T. Lee, D. Stammer, J. Taft, and J. Zhang, 2005: NASA Supercomputer Improves Prospects for Ocean Climate Research. EOS Transactions AGU86(9), p. 89. — PDF


  • Adcroft, A., C. Hill, J-M. Campin, J. Marshall and P. Heimbach, 2004: Overview of the formulation and numerics of the MIT GCM. in: Proceedings of the ECMWF Seminar on “Recent developments in numerical methods for atmospheric and ocean modelling”, 6-10 September 2004, Shinfield Park, Reading, UK, pp. 139-150.
  • Stammer, D., C. Wunsch, R. Giering, C. Eckert, P. Heimbach, J. Marotzke, A. Adcroft, C. Hill, J. and J. Marshall, 2003: Volume, heat and freshwater transports of the global ocean circulation 1992-1997, estimated from a general circulation model constrained by WOCE data.J. Geophys. Res., 108 (C1), 3007, doi:10.1029/2001JC001115. — PDF
  • Stammer, D., C. Wunsch, R. Giering, C. Eckert, P. Heimbach, J. Marotzke, A. Adcroft, C. Hill, J. and J. Marshall, 2002: The global ocean circulation during 1992-1997, estimated from ocean observations and a general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 107 (C9), 3118, doi:10.1029/2001JC000888. — PDF
  • P. Heimbach and K. Hasselmann, 2000: Development and application of satellite retrievals of ocean wave spectra. In: Satellites, Oceanograghy and Society. D. Halpern (Ed.), Elsevier Oceanography Series, Volume 63, pp. 5-33, Elsevier Science (an ICSOS/IYO book), doi:10.1016/S0422-9894(00)80003-3. — PDF


  • P. Heimbach, E. Bauer, S. Hasselmann and K. Hasselmann, 1999: Using spectral details of ocean waves measured with the ERS-1 SAR in wave mode for validation of the wave model WAM. in: M. Banner (Ed.): The Wind-Driven Air-Sea Interface School of Mathematics, University of New South Wales, 1999, Sydney, Australia, January 11-15, 1999, pp. 379-380
  • E. Bauer and P. Heimbach, 1999: Annual validation of significant wave heights from ERS-1 synthetic aperture radar wave mode spectra using TOPEX/POSEIDON and ERS-1 altimeter data. J. Geophys. Res. 104(C6), pp. 13,345-13,357, doi:10.1029/1999JC900014
  • P. Heimbach, S. Hasselmann and K. Hasselmann, 1998: Statistical analysis and intercomparison of WAM model data with global ERS-1 SAR wave mode spectral retrievals over three years. J. Geophys. Res. 103(C4), pp. 7,931-7,978, doi:10.1029/97JC03203
  • P. Heimbach, E. Bauer, S. Hasselmann and K. Hasselmann, 1998: Global operational remote sensing and modelling of ocean waves. in: Proc. of the COST / WMO / IOC Conference ”Provision and engineering / operational application of ocean wave spectra”, UNESCO, Paris, 21 – 25 September 1998. WMO, Marine Meteorology and Related Oceanographic Activities Report No. 42; WMO/TD-No. 938, 1998, pp. 310-323
  • P. Heimbach, S. Hasselmann, K. Hasselmann and M. Toporek , 1997: Statistical analysis and intercomparison of global ERS-1 SAR Wave Mode spectral retrievals using WAM model and buoy data. in: Proc. of The CEOS Wind and Wave Validation Workshop, Noordwijk, 3-5 June 1997, ESA WPP-147 pp. 39-47, ESA-Publications Division, ESTEC, Noordwijk (NL).
  • P. Heimbach, E. Bauer and C. Staabs, 1997: Multisensor validation of ERS-1 SAR Wave Mode and altimeter-derived significant wave heights using TOPEX, GEOSAT and SEASAT data. in: Proc. of The CEOS Wind and Wave Validation Workshop, Noordwijk, 3-5 June 1997, ESA WPP-147 pp. 49-55, ESA-Publications Division, ESTEC, Noordwijk (NL).
  • S. Hasselmann, C. Brüning, K. Hasselmann and P. Heimbach, 1996: An improved algorithm for the retrieval of ocean wave spectra from SAR image spectra. J. Geophys. Res. 101(C7), pp. 16,615-16,629, doi:10.1029/96JC00798
  • P. Heimbach, S. Hasselmann, C. Brüning and K. Hasselmann, 1996: Application of wave spectral retrievals from ERS-1 SAR wave mode data for improved wind and wave field analyses. in: Proc. of The 2nd ERS Applications Workshop, London, 6-8 December 1995, ESA SP-383, pp. 303-308, ESA Publications Division, ESTEC, Noordwijk (NL).